Born: August 18, 1933
Date of Birth: August 18, 1933Roman Polanski was born in France to Polish parents, but three years later, the family returned to Krakow, Poland. After World War II broke out, his Jewish parents were both taken to concentration camps. His mother, four months pregnant with her second child, was killed soon after in a gas chamber in Auschwitz. Roman lived with various Catholic families who hid the boy from the Nazis. His father survived the war and the two were reunited in 1945. Roman became interested in acting and appeared in several films before going to the Lodz Film School to learn filmmaking. At school, he made several short films, including Two Men and a Wardrobe (1958), which won several international awards. At about this time, Polanski met and married his first wife, actress Barbara Lass. Soon after, he wrote and directed his first feature-length film, an erotic thriller called Knife in the Water (1962). It was a big success for the young director, winning the FIPRESCI Award at the Venice Film Festival and even being nominated for a BAFTA award and an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film.
Polanski then moved to France, where he befriended screenwriter Gerard Brach. The two formed a long-time friendship, becoming collaborators on many films. Two of their early films, Repulsion (1965) and Cul-de-sac(1966), both England-language films filmed in England, won awards at the Berlin International Film Festival.
Polanski's success made it possible for him to move to Hollywood, where his first film was The Fearless Vampire Killers (1967), which he co-wrote and directed. He also acted in the film, alongside actress Sharon Tate, who would go on to become Polanski's second wife. His second Hollywood feature, Rosemary's Baby (1968), was a huge hit that went on to win several awards. Polanski, who not only directed, but wrote the screenplay himself from Ira Levin's novel, was nominated for a Best Screenplay Oscar. The film solidified his success and he became a respected director within Hollywood.
Tragedy struck soon after, when his wife, Sharon Tate, was murdered by the Manson family, a cult of young people led by Charles Manson. On August 9, 1969, the pregnant actress was at home with four guests when the murderers broke in and killed everyone in the house.
Polanski withdrew from America and returned to Europe for several years, where he directed a screen adaptation of Shakespeare's Macbeth (1971), featuring a British cast. He eventually returned to the United States several years later and his film, Chinatown (1974), starring Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway, was nominated for 11 Academy Awards as well as 11 BAFTA awards. Polanski won the BAFTA for Best Direction. His career was flourishing, but in 1977, Polanski was charged with raping and sodomizing a 13-year-old girl. He was convicted in 1978 and fled America to avoid prison.
In a 1979 interview with Martin Amis for Tatler magazine, Polanki said: "When I was being driven to the police station from the hotel, the car radio was already talking about it ... I couldn't believe ... I thought, you know, I was going to wake up from it. I realize[d], if I have killed somebody, it wouldn't have had so much appeal for the press, you see? But ... f---ing, you see, and the young girls. Judges want to f---young girls. Juries want to f---young girls-everyone wants to f---young girls!" He was once also quoted as saying, "Normal love isn't interesting. I assure you that it's incredibly boring."
Polanski had another international success with Tess (1979), starring 20-year-old Nastassja Kinski, with whom he had a relationship. The film received six Academy Award nominations, including Best Director for Polanski, but not surprisingly, he didn't show up at the awards ceremony in Los Angeles. In 2003, he won the Best Director Oscar for The Pianist (2002). Harrison Ford accepted the award on his behalf.
Polanski continued to work, albeit sporadically. In 1989, he married his third wife, 23-year-old actress Emmanuelle Seigner, and they have two children, Morgane and Elvis. On September 26, 2009 he was caught by authorities in Switzerland and is awaiting extradition to the United States.
Filmography:The Ghost (2010)